Depression is the main cause of disability worldwide, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). It can affect adults, adolescents, and children.

Sadness, feeling down, and having a loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities are familiar feelings for all of us. But if they persist and affect our lives substantially, the issue may be depression

Depression is a mood disorder that involves a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. It is different from the mood fluctuations that people regularly experience as a part of life.

Major life events, such as bereavement or the loss of a job, can lead to depression. However, doctors only consider feelings of grief to be part of depression if they persist.Depression is an ongoing problem, not a passing one. It consists of episodes during which the symptoms last for at least 2 weeks. Depression can last for several weeks, months, or years.

Signs and symptoms.

The symptoms of depression can include:

  • A depressed mood.
  • Reduced interest or pleasure in activities once enjoyed.
  • A loss of sexual desire.
  • Changes in appetite.
  • Unintentional weight loss or gain.
  • Sleeping too much or too little.
  • Agitation, restlessness, and pacing up and down.
  • Slowed movement and speech.
  • Fatigue or loss of energy.
  • Feelings of worthlessness or guilt.
  • Difficulty thinking, concentrating, or making decisions.
  • Recurrent thoughts of death or suicide, or an attempt at suicide.

In females.

Depression is nearly twice as common among women as men, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Below are some symptoms of depression that tend to appear more often in females:

  • Irritability
  • Anxiety
  • Mood swings
  • Fatigue
  • Ruminating (dwelling on negative thoughts).

Also, some types of depression are unique to females, such as:

  • Postpartum depression
  • Premenstrual dysphoric disorder.

In Males

Males with depression are more likely than females to drink alcohol in excess, display anger, and engage in risk-taking as a result of the disorder. Other symptoms of depression in males may include:

  • Avoiding families and social situations.
  • Working without a break.
  • Having difficulty keeping up with work and family responsibilities.
  • Displaying abusive or controlling behavior in relationships.

In college students.

Time at college can be stressful, and a person may be dealing with other lifestyles, cultures, and experiences for the first time.

Some students have difficulty coping with these changes, and they may develop depression, anxiety, or both as a result.

Symptoms of depression in college students may include:

  • Difficulty concentrating on schoolwork.
  • Insomnia.
  • Sleeping too much.
  • A decrease or increase in appetite.
  • Avoiding social situations and activities that they used to enjoy.

In Teens

Physical changes, peer pressure, and other factors can contribute to depression in teenagers.

They may experience some of the following symptoms:

  • Withdrawing from friends and family.
  • Difficulty concentrating on schoolwork.
  • Feeling guilty, helpless, or worthless.
  • Restlessness, such as an inability to sit still.

In children.

In children, symptoms can make schoolwork and social activities challenging. They may experience symptoms such as:

  • Crying
  • Low energy
  • Clinginess
  • Defiant behavior
  • Vocal outbursts.

Younger children may have difficulty expressing how they feel in words. This can make it harder for them to explain their feelings of sadness.


The Most Common Types of Depression are as follows:

Major depression.

A person with major depression experiences a constant state of sadness. They may lose interest in activities that they used to enjoy.

Persistent depressive disorder.

Also known as dysthymia, persistent depressive disorder causes symptoms that last for at least 2 years.A person with this disorder may have episodes of major depression as well as milder symptoms.

Bipolar disorder.

Depression is a common symptom of bipolar disorder, and research shows that people with this disorder may have symptoms around half of the time. This can make bipolar disorder hard to distinguish from depression.

Also known as dysthymia, persistent depressive disorder causes symptoms that last for at least 2 years.A person with this disorder may have episodes of major depression as well as milder symptoms.

Psychotic depression.

Some people experience psychosis with depression. Psychosis can involve delusions, such as false beliefs and a detachment from reality. It can also involve hallucinations — sensing things that do not exist.

Postpartum depression.

After giving birth, many women experience what some people call the “baby blues.” When hormone levels readjust after childbirth, changes in mood can result. Postpartum depression, or postnatal depression, is more severe. There is no single cause for this type of depression, and it can persist for months or years.

Major depressive disorder with seasonal pattern

Previously called seasonal affective disorder, or SAD, this type of depression is related to the reduction in daylight during the fall and winter. It lifts during the rest of the year and in response to light therapy. People who live in countries with long or severe winters seem to be affected more by this condition.

When you feel depressed there is some good news! You haven’t always felt like this. This means that there is no need to always keep on feeling like this. It can get better. You can feel good again.

Using cognitive transformation coaching techniques, a transformation coach treats the symptoms of depression by helping you deal with any negative emotions and beliefs that leads to feelings of hopelessness, isolation and low self-esteem. Transformation coaching creates powerful emotional and behavioral changes in you, by providing an examination and consequent transformation of any negative thinking patterns, into more positive ones.

Additionally, a transformation coach will teach you how to:

  • Live your life without fear and depression.
  • Identify any underlying negative beliefs that may have triggered your depression.
  • Enforce new positive belief systems in you.
  • Make you feel secure and safe in yourself.
  • Help you pursue your goals and long term dreams.
  • Confront and eliminate anxiety-causing, “what-if, should-have, could have, missing out”, thinking.
  • Help you to start living a bright a prosperous future.

Do you feel exhausted all the time, with no or little motivation